The Council of Heads of State; The Council of Heads of Government (Prime Ministers); The Council of Foreign Ministers; Meeting of Heads of Ministries and / or Agencies; The Council of National Coordinators and Regional Antiterrorist Structure; Secretariat are functioning in order to accomplish the goals and objectives of the SCO Charter.
Council of Heads of State shall be the supreme SCO decision making body. It shall determine priorities and defines major areas of activities of the Organization, decides upon the fundamental issues of its internal arrangement and functioning and its interaction with other States and international organizations, as well as considers the key international issues. The Council shall hold its regular meetings once a year.
The Council of Heads of Government (Prime Ministers) approves the budget of the Organization, considers and decides upon major issues related to particular, especially economic, spheres of interaction within the Organization. The Council holds its regular meetings once a year.
The Council of Ministers of Foreign Affairs shall consider issues related to day-to-day activities of the Organization, preparation of meetings of the Council of Heads of State and holding of consultations on international problems within the Organization. The Council shall generally meet one month prior to a meeting of the Council of Heads of State. Extraordinary meetings of the Council of Ministers of Foreign Affairs are convened on the initiative of at least two member States and upon consent of ministers of foreign affairs of all other member States
According to decisions of the Council of Heads of State and the Council of Heads of Government (Prime Ministers) heads of branch ministries and/or agencies of the member States shall hold, on a regular basis, meetings for consideration of particular issues of interaction in respective fields within SCO. (Meetings of Heads of Ministries and/or Agencies).
For the preparation and holding meetings the member States may, upon prior agreement, establish permanent or ad hoc working groups of experts which carry out their activities in accordance with the regulations adopted by the meetings of heads of ministries and/or agencies. These groups consist of representatives of ministries and/or agencies of the member States..
The Council of National Coordinators shall be a SCO body that coordinates and directs day-to-day activities of the Organization. It shall make the necessary preparation for the meetings of the Council of Heads of State, the Council of Heads of Government (Prime Ministers) and the Council of Ministers of Foreign Affairs. National coordinators shall be appointed by each Member State in accordance with its internal rules and procedures. The Council shall hold its meetings at least three times a year.
The Regional Counter-Terrorist Structure shall stand a SCO body, established by the member States of the Shanghai Convention to combat terrorism, separatism and extremism on 15 June, 2001, located in Tashkent, the Republic of Uzbekistan.
Its main objectives and functions, principles of its constitution and financing, as well as its rules of procedure shall be governed by a separate international treaty concluded by the member States, and other necessary instruments adopted by them.
Secretariat shall be standing SCO administrative body. It shall provide organizational and technical support to the activities carried out in the framework of SCO and prepares proposals on the annual budget of the Organization.
The Secretariat shall be headed by the Executive Secretary appointed by the Council of Heads of State on nomination by the Council of Ministers of Foreign Affairs.
The Executive Secretary shall be appointed from among the nationals of member States on a rotational basis in the Russian alphabetic order of the member States' names for a period of three years without a right to be reappointed for another period. The Executive Secretary shall be appointed by the Council of Ministers of Foreign Affairs on nomination by the Council of National Coordinators. They cannot be representatives of the State from which the Executive Secretary has been appointed. The Secretariat officials shall be recruited from among nationals of the member States on a quota basis.
The SCO Secretariat is located in Beijing (the People's Republic of China)