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Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan
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Topical issues

Cooperation of Uzbekistan with the United Nations

On 2 March 1992 Uzbekistan became a full Member of the United Nations and our national flag was raised in front of United Nations Headquarters in New York.

Over the past 70 years since its establishment, the United Nations has been recognized throughout the world as a universal international institution for maintaining international peace and security, promoting sustainable development and protecting the environment. The growth of the international authority and relevance of the Organization and its leadership role in resolving many highly complex modern – day problems are increasingly evident.

Uzbekistan fruitfully cooperates with the UN and its specialized institutions in various areas. The main priorities of cooperation include confronting contemporary threats and challenges, stabilization and reconstruction of Afghanistan, non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, tackling environmental problems, in particular, mitigating the effects of the Aral sea crisis, socioeconomic development, and the protection and promotion of human rights.

Significant events were the participation of H.E. Mr. I.A.Karimov, the First President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, at the General Debates of the General Assembly in 1993 and 1995, as well as the UN Summits on the Millennium Development Goals in 2000 and 2010 in New York. In October 2002 H.E. Mr. Kofi Annan, the UN Secretary-General, and in April 2010 and June 2015 – H.E. Mr. Ban Ki-moon visited Uzbekistan.

Uzbekistan is party to all major international agreements and treaties on disarmament and nonproliferation, such as the Treaty on Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), the Comprehensive Test-Ban-Treaty (CTBT), conventions on chemical and biological weapons and others.

The initiative to establish a Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone in Central Asia, put forward by H.E. Mr. I.A.Karimov, the first President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, from the General Assembly rostrum in 1993, was an important contribution to the strengthening of the global non-proliferation regime and regional security. The Central Asian States signed the Treaty on a Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone in Central Asia in September 2006 in Semipalatinsk, which entered into force in March 2009 after ratification by all five States of the region. On 6 May 2014, a truly historic event took place at UN Headquarters in New York – for the first time since the establishment of the United Nations, representatives of the “five” nuclear States – the United States of America, the United Kingdom, France, China and the Russian Federation – unanimously and simultaneously signed a crucially important international document – the Protocol on security guarantees to the Treaty on a Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone in Central Asia.

Cooperation in the field of ensuring global and regional security and stability is an important area of Uzbekistan’s cooperation with the United Nations. Our country actively promotes international efforts in this sphere. As a party to all 13 UN conventions on combating terrorism, Uzbekistan has put forward major initiatives aimed at consolidating the efforts of the international community in this sphere and creating a global system of multilateral cooperation within the framework of the United Nations. In this context, our country welcomes the work of the Security Council Counter-terrorism Committee established pursuant to resolution 1373 (2001) and fully supports its efforts to strengthen the capacity of States Members of the Organization to counter this scourge. The establishment of this Committee is in part the result of an initiative to establish an international counter-terrorism centre put forward by the leadership of Uzbekistan at the summit meeting of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe in Istanbul back in 1999.

Uzbekistan cooperates closely with the United Nations and its specialized institutions in the area of combating drug-related aggression. On the proposal of H.E. Mr. I.A.Karimov, the first President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, during the visit of the UN Secretary-General to Tashkent in October 2002, the Central Asian Regional Information and Coordination Centre for Combating Illicit Trafficking of Narcotic Drugs, Psychotropic Substances and their Precursors was established.

Uzbekistan attaches particular importance to efforts to bring to an end the violent war which has raged for many years in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and caused enormous suffering for the Afghan people and has become a source of serious threats for the entire region. Thus, in 1995 Uzbekistan proposed from the UN General Assembly rostrum in 1993 to impose an embargo on the supply of weapons to Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and subsequently in 1997 to establish “6+2” Contact Group.

Uzbekistan is making an effective contribution to the implementation of United Nations programmes for the post-conflict reconstruction of Afghanistan, in particular, it opened a bridge on the Uzbek-Afghan border for international deliveries of humanitarian cargo and is assisting in the building of infrastructure projects in the territory of Afghanistan. In April 2009, a new power transmission line from Uzbekistan to Kabul was launched.

Cooperation between Uzbekistan and the United Nations also covers ecological and environmental protection issues. In this area, H.E. Mr. Sh.M.Mirziyoyev, President of Uzbekistan, is paying attention to yet another acute global problem, requiring an urgent solution – the Aral sea tragedy and calling for the efforts of the international community to be focused on “reducing the harmful impact of this environmental disaster on the livelihoods of the millions of people living in Central Asia and preserving the natural and biological balance in the Aral region”.

In view of the seriousness of this issue, an international conference was held in Uzbekistan in March 2008 on “Problems of Aral: impact on the gene pool of the population, flora and fauna and international cooperation for mitigating consequences” in which UN representatives took an active part. In order to further develop international cooperation and mobilize funds from the donor community for the implementation of practical measures to improve the situation in the Aral region, an international conference on the “Development of cooperation in the Aral sea basin to mitigate the consequences of the environmental catastrophe” was held in Urgench on 28-29 October 2014, on the initiative of Uzbekistan.

One of the most important documents, which gained unanimous support at the sixty-third session of the UN General Assembly, was resolution 63/133 on observer status in the General Assembly for the International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea, which Uzbekistan sponsored. In September 2013, a “Programme of measures on eliminating the consequences of the drying up of the Aral Sea and averting the catastrophe of the ecological systems in the Aral Sea region”, comprising vital projects to stabilize and improve the situation in the environmental disaster area, which had been formulated during Uzbekistan’s presidency of the International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea, was circulated as an official document of the sixty-eighth session of the UN General Assembly.

During his visit to Uzbekistan on 4-5 April 2010 H.E. Mr. Ban Ki-moon, the UN Secretary-General, visited the Aral region. At the end of his visit he noted the need to adopt urgent measures to prevent the further deterioration of the situation in the Aral region and mitigate the effects of the Aral disaster. He stressed that the Organization is prepared to assist Uzbekistan in resolving environmental problems. Following his visit, in 2012-2016 the United Nations agencies (UNDP, UNFPA, UNESCO, WHO and the UN Volunteers), in coordination with partners in Uzbekistan, implemented a joint UN programme entitled “Sustaining Livelihoods Affected by the Aral Sea Disaster” with the budget of $ 4 billion. An important stage was the launch on 10 February 2017 of the UN Program “Building the resilience of communities affected by the Aral Sea disaster through the Multi-partner Human Security Fund for the Aral Sea”.

The problem of the Aral Sea is directly related to the rational and efficient use of water resources of the trans-boundary rivers in Central Asia. Of particular importance is strict observance of international law governing the protection and use of trans-boundary watercourses. The relevant UN conventions dated 25 February 1991, 17 March 1992 and 21 May 1997 require all states to “ensure the use of trans-boundary waters in a reasonable and equitable way, taking into particular account their trans-boundary character, in carrying out activities which cause or are likely to cause trans-boundary impact.”

For all these reasons, Uzbekistan expresses its position on necessity for rational and efficient use of water resources in Central Asia on the basis of generally accepted international norms.

Accordingly, it may be affirmed today with full confidence that the relations between Uzbekistan and the United Nations over the past 25 years have been characterized by significant advances and are developing in a dynamic fashion in all directions. All the proposals put forward by Uzbekistan within the United Nations have been fully supported by the international community and today are making a significant practical contribution to ensuring universal peace, stability and sustainable development. Our country remains committed to the further expansion and deepening of mutually advantageous cooperation with the United Nations.

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