- The Strategy of Actions on Further Development of the Republic of Uzbekistan
- Chairmanship of Uzbekistan in the Council of Foreign Ministers of the OIC
- Central Asia - the priority of foreign policy of Uzbekistan
- Problems of water resources in the Central Asia
- Events at Uzbekistan's overseas missions
- Bilateral relations of the Republic of Uzbekistan with American countries
- On Cooperation of the Republic of Uzbekistan with the countries of Europe
- Cooperation of the Republic of Uzbekistan with Near East, Middle East and African countries
Cooperation of the Republic of Uzbekistan with Near East, Middle East and African countries
Islamic Republic of Iran recognized the independence of Uzbekistan in 25 December 1991. Diplomatic relations between the two countries were established on May 10, 1992.
Diplomatic mission of Iran started its activity in Tashkent in November 1992, the Embassy of Uzbekistan in Tehran opened in May 1995.
Over the past period, visits of the First President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov to Iran were held four times (1992, 2003 - official, 1996, 2003 - within the framework of participation in the ECO summit).
In turn, the presidents of the Islamic Republic of Iran A. Rafsanjani on October 1993 and S. Khotami on April 2002 had made an official visits to Uzbekistan.
On September 2017, in Astana, the President of Uzbekistan Sh.Mirziyoyev within the framework of the the First Summit of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) on science and technology met with the President of Iran H. Ruhani.
Uzbek-Iranian political consultations hold regularly on the level of Deputy Ministers of Foreign Affairs. On March 13, 2017 in Tashkent the delegation of Iran led by the Deputy Foreign Minister for Asia and Oceania Ibrahim Rahimpur took part in the 5th round of consultations between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs.
The treaty and legal basis of bilateral relations consists of 55 intergovernmental and interdepartmental agreements in the political, trade, economic and cultural spheres.
The dynamics of Uzbek- Iranian relations give evidence of the stable nature of bilateral cooperation. Both countries possess significant political and economic potential, wide transport and communications and transit opportunities.
In April of 2018 in Tehran there was held the 12 session of the Uzbek-Iranian intergovernmental commission on trade-economic and scientific-technical cooperation.
According to the results of 2017 trade turnover between the two countries amounted to $325,1 million, $267,0 million of which accounted for export of Uzbekistan and $ 58.1 million for import.
The main export products of Uzbekistan to the Islamic Republic of Iran are cotton, cotton-fiber, ferrous and non-ferrous metals, mineral fertilizer, chemical fiber, and import consists of building materials, electromechanical equipment, fruits, dried fruits, plastic products.
Today there are 120 joint ventures with Iranian investors’ participation operating in Uzbekistan, 15 of them with 100% Iranian capital.
In 25th of April 2011 in Ashgabad on quadripartite meeting of the Foreign Ministers there was signed an agreement on establishing a transport rail corridor Uzbekistan – Turkmenistan – Iran - Oman.
UZBEKISTAN-UNITED ARAB EMIRATES RELATIONS
Diplomatic relations between the Republic of Uzbekistan and the United Arab Emirates established in October 1992.
In 1992 the General Consulate of the Republic of Uzbekistan began its activity in Dubai. In 2007 the Embassy of the Republic of Uzbekistan in UAE was opened in Abu Dhabi.
In June 2004 the government of UAE has decided to open a General Consulate in Uzbekistan. In June 2010 the General Consulate of the UAE in Tashkent was converted to the Embassy.
In March 2008 the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov visited UAE, during which 28 governmental and departmental documents were signed.
The legal basis of bilateral relations is made up of 20 interstate, intergovernmental and interdepartmental documents the sphere of extradition, assistance in criminal cases, air connection, trade and economic cooperation, avoidance of double taxation on income, science and technology etc.
Trade and Economy Cooperation
The volume of trade turnover between Uzbekistan and the UAE in 2017 amounted to $110.3 million (exports - $ 42.6 million, imports - $ 67.3 million).
Uzbekistan’s main exports consist of raw cotton fiber, silk, agricultural products and services; import from the UAE consists of mechanical and electrical equipment, foodstuffs, furniture, vehicles, clothing and sport equipments.
At the present time 92 companies, created with the capital of UAE are carrying out there activity in Uzbekistan, 36 of them are wholly owned companies with UAE capital.
The State of Israel recognized Independence of the Republic of Uzbekistan on December 25, 1991. The diplomatic relations between two states were established on February 21, 1992.
The First President of the Republic of Uzbekistan I.Karimov visited the State of Israel by state visit on September 14-16, 1998.
On July 1994 Minister of Foreign Affairs of The State of Israel Mr. Sh.Peres paid an official visit to the Republic of Uzbekistan and in April 1997 Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan Mr.A.Kamilov visited the State of Israel.
Regular political consultations are held between the two countries' foreign ministries. Until now have been held 4 rounds of political consultations between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of the two countries. The last fourth round of political consultations was held on March 30, 2016 in Tashkent.
The legal and treaty basis of the Uzbek-Israel relations consists of 19 documents (14 interstate and intergovernmental, 5 interagency documents).
Between the two countries the most-favored regime in mutual trade is established. The total volume of bilateral trade for 2017 amounted to $ 44.1 million (exports - $ 15.2 million, imports - $ 28.9 million).
Today, in Uzbekistan there are 37 enterprises with the participation of Israel capital, incl. 7 with 100% foreign capital, in the spheres of tourism, wholesale trade, food production, advisory services on financial and management issues.
UZBEKISTAN – PAKISTAN RELATIONS
The Islamic Republic of Pakistan recognized the independence of the Republic of Uzbekistan on 20th December 1991. The diplomatic relations were established on 10th May 1992. The Embassy of Pakistan in Tashkent opens in June 1992. The Embassy of Uzbekistan in Islamabad functions since July 1994.
The First President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov visited Pakistan twice (August 1992, April 2006).
From Pakistani side following visits have took place: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif (June 1992, November 2015), Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto (May and November 1995), President Farooq Leghari (October 1999), President Pervez Musharraf (March 2005), Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz (March 2007), Prime Minister Yusuf Gilani (March 2011).
President of Pakistan Asif Zardari visited Uzbekistan in June 2010 for participation in the SCO Summit and met President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov. President of Pakistan Mamnun Hussain took part in the 15th SCO Summit in June 2016 and had a meeting with President Islam Karimov.
H.E. Mr. Shavkat Mirziyoyev, President of Uzbekistan, met with H.E. Mr. Nawaz Sharif, Prime Minister of Pakistan on the sidelines of SCO Suumit in Astana on 8th June 2017. The Plan of Practical Actions (Roadmap) to ensure timely and full implementation of agreements was adopted on the outcomes of meeting.
H.E. Mr. Shavkat Mirziyoyev, President of Uzbekistan, held a meeting with H.E. Mr. Mamnun Hussain, President of Pakistan, during the OIC Summit on Science and Technology on 17th September 2017 in Astana.
Pakistani delegation headed by H.E. Mr. Khawaja Mujammad Asif, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Pakistan, participated in the Tashkent Conference on Afghanistan. Minister called on H.E. Mr. Shavkat Mirziyoyev, President of Uzbekistan.
The legal basis of bilateral relations is made up of 46 interstate, intergovernmental and interdepartmental documents the sphere of extradition, assistance in criminal cases, counterterrorism, air connection, transit of goods, trade and economic cooperation, support of micro and private entrepreneurship, avoidance of double taxation on income, combating illicit drug trafficking and psychotropic substances, science and technology etc.
Trade and Economy Cooperation
The Joint Intergovernmental Commission on Trade-Economic and Scientific-Technical Cooperation operates between Uzbekistan and Pakistan. The last 5th Meeting of the Commission was held in March 17, 2011 in Islamabad. The Uzbek delegation was headed by the Minister of Agriculture and Water Resources Zafar Ruziev. The Pakistani side was presented by the Minister of Water Resources and Energy Navid Qamar.
Under the Agreement on Trade-Economy Cooperation both sides granted each other “most favored nations” status.
Trade turnover in 2017 is $36.2 mln., in which export – $9.9 mln., import - $26.3 mln.
Main export items: legumes and dried fruits - 37.5%, services (transport and tourism) - 25.8%, leather raw materials - 14.1%, building materials - 8%, cotton yarn and cotton fiber - 3.3% , and etc.
Imports: medicines and medical products - 47.4%, seed potatoes - 25.4%, fruits (mango) - 11%, chemical products - 3.7%, services (tourist) - 6.7%.
In Uzbekistan there are 59 enterprises with the participation of Pakistani capital.
The State of Kuwait recognized the independence of the Republic of Uzbekistan on December 30, 1991. Diplomatic relations between countries were established in July 1994.
In 2001 the Embassy of the State of Kuwait had been opened in Tashkent. The Embassy of the Republic of Uzbekistan in the State of Kuwait has been operating since November 2004.
The official visit of the First President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov to the State of Kuwait on January 19-20, 2004, gave a significant impetus to the development of relations between two countries. During this visit a legal framework for further strengthening of bilateral relations was created.
In July, 2008, Emir of Kuwait Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah paid an official visit to Uzbekistan, during which the two sides signed a number of documents on strengthening the Uzbek-Kuwaiti relations and intensification of trade, economic and investment cooperation.
In June 2017 in the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, an interparliamentary group for cooperation with the National Assembly of the SC "Uzbekistan-Kuwait" was established.
The Sultanate of Oman has recognized the state independence of the Republic of Uzbekistan in December 1991. Diplomatic relations between Uzbekistan and Oman established in April 1992.
The First President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov has visited the Sultanate of Oman in October 2009, during which signed 19 bilateral documents.
In April 2010 the Embassy of the Sultanate of Oman opened in Tashkent.
On March 15, 2018 The Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan A.A. Aripov and the Minister of Heritage and Culture of Oman Haisam bin Tariq al-Saeed took part in the opening ceremony of the new building of the Abu Rayhan Beruni Institute of Oriental Studies, built with the financial assistance of the Omani side.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia recognized the independence of the Republic of Uzbekistan in December 1991. Diplomatic relations between Uzbekistan and Saudi Arabia established in February 1992.
The First President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov has visited the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in April 1992.
In November 1992 in Jeddah was opened the General Consulate of the Republic of Uzbekistan. In 1995 the Embassy of Uzbekistan opened in Riyadh. In 1997 the Embassy of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has opened in Tashkent.
In April 2012 the Saudi delegation headed by Chairman of the Advisory Council (parliament) Abdullah Al ash-Sheikh visited Uzbekistan.
On May 21, 2017 President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev by the invitation of the King of Saudi Arabia Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, visited Saudi Arabia to participate in the Summit of Arab-Muslim countries and the United States. Within the framework of the Summit, the President of Uzbekistan met with leaders of several states, including Saudi King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud.
On March 27, 2018, the Saudi Arabian delegation headed by Deputy Foreign Minister A.Miradh participated in the Tashkent Conference on Afhganistan – "Peace process, security cooperation and regional connectivity".
In the trade-economic sphere
In June 2011 in Tashkent was held the 3rd meeting of Uzbek-Saudi governmental commission, during which organized business forum and signed appropriate protocol and agreement on reciprocal promotion of investments.
On January 18-25, 2017 the delegation of Uzbekistan led by the Chairman of the Committee on Religious Affairs at the Cabinet of Ministers O. Yusupov paid visit to KSA. During the visit was organized meeting with the Minister for Hajj and Umrah Affairs of the KSA Salikh Binteyn, during which was signed an agreement to raise the quota for pilgrims of Uzbekistan to perform the Hajj from 5,200 to 7,200 people.
India recognized the independence of the Republic of Uzbekistan on December 26, 1991. Diplomatic relations between two states were established on March 18, 1992 by signing a protocol.
Official visits of the Prime Minister of India to Uzbekistan: N.Rao – 23-25 May, 1993, Manmohan Singh –25-26 April, 2006, N.Modi – June 6-7, 2015.
The First President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov paid five visits to India – August 1991, January 1994, May 2000, April 2005, May 2011.
During the last state visit of the First President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov to India on May 2011, the sides adopted Joint Statement, signed interdepartmental agreements on cooperation in various fields (32 documents).
In 2017 the turnover showed $323.6 mln.
At present, 125 enterprises with the participation of Indian capital, including 21 enterprises with 100% foreign capital, established in Uzbekistan.
One of the tool on the expansion of cultural ties between two countries is considered the friendship society "Uzbekistan-India", functioning since 1991.
UZBEKISTAN – BANGLADESH RELATIONS
Bangladesh recognized the independence of Uzbekistan on December 30, 1991. The diplomatic relations were established on October 15, 1992. The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Uzbekistan Mr. A.Kamilov paid the first official visit to Bangladesh in February 1998. The visit of Bangladeshi Minister of Foreign Affairs Mr. Abdus Samad Azad to Uzbekistan took place in July 2000.
As a result of 10 months of 2017, the trade turnover amounted to 55.4 million dollars.
There are 6 companies with the Bangladeshi capital, including one enterprise with 100 percent Bangladeshi capital in Uzbekistan.
On May 5-7, 2012, Tashkent hosted the 1st session of the Uzbek-Bangladesh Intergovernmental Commission on Trade and Economic Cooperation.
On April 24-25, 2014, the delegation of Uzbekistan headed by the E.Ganiev, Minister of Foreign Economic Relations, Investment and Trade visited Dhaka. The negotiations with Sheikh Hasina, the Prime Minister of Bangladesh, and T.Ahmad, the Minister of Trade, and Sh.Alam, the Minister of State for Foreign Affairs and others took place during this visit. The second meeting of the Uzbek-Bangladeshi intergovernmental commission on trade-economic and cultural-humanitarian cooperation was held in the frame of the visit.
The Arabic Republic of Egypt recognized Independence of the Republic of Uzbekistan on December 26, 1991.
On January, 2017 Uzbekistan and Egypt celebrated 25th anniversary of the establishment of Diplomatic relations between two countries (January 23, 1992).
On May, 1993 the Embassy of the Arabic Republic of Egypt had been opened in Tashkent. The Embassy of the Republic of Uzbekistan in Cairo has been operating since December 1994.
The official visit of the First President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov to Egypt on December 1992 and April 2007, gave a significant impetus for the development of Uzbek-Egypt relations.
Uzbekistan interacts with Egypt in the framework of international and regional structures, such as the UN, OIC and etc.
The legal basis.
The contractual and legal framework of Uzbekistan and Egypt include 51 interstate, intergovernmental and interdepartmental documents.
Trade and Economy Cooperation
So far, 6 meetings of Joint Intergovernmental Commission for Trade-Economic and Scientific-Technical Cooperation of Uzbekistan and have been held.
Cultural and humanitarian cooperation
Uzbekistan actively cooperates with the Agency of partnership for development of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Egypt. Since 1993, more than 1100 representatives of Uzbekistan have been trained at Agency courses for diplomats, tourism workers, teachers of the Arabic language, etc.
In 1997 the “Uzbekistan-Egypt” and in May 2000 "Egypt-Uzbekistan" Friendship Societies was established which both of contribute to the development of bilateral cooperation in the cultural and humanitarian sphere.