- The Strategy of Actions on Further Development of the Republic of Uzbekistan
- Chairmanship of Uzbekistan in the Council of Foreign Ministers of the OIC
- Central Asia - the priority of foreign policy of Uzbekistan
- Problems of water resources in the Central Asia
- Events at Uzbekistan's overseas missions
- Bilateral relations of the Republic of Uzbekistan with American countries
- On Cooperation of the Republic of Uzbekistan with the countries of Europe
- Cooperation of the Republic of Uzbekistan with Near East, Middle East and African countries
- Cooperation of the Republic of Uzbekistan with the CIS countries and Georgia
- Cooperation of the Republic of Uzbekistan with the countries of the Asia and the Pacific
Cooperation of the Republic of Uzbekistan with the countries of the Asia and the Pacific
UZBEK – SOUTH KOREAN RELATIONS
The Republic of Korea recognized the Independence of Uzbekistan on December 30, 1991. The diplomatic relations were established on January 29, 1992.
Since that fourteen high level meetings have taken place (1992, 1994, 1995, 1999, 2005, 2006, twice in 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2014, 2015 and 2017).
In 2006 Joint Declaration on Strategic Partnership was signed.
As a result of the State visit of the President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev to the Republic of Korea on November 22-25, 2017 were signed Joint Declaration and 64 agreements and contracts of total worth about $10 bln. on trade, economy, investment and financial-technical cooperation spheres, including $4 bln. of direct South Korean investments
Inter-parliamentary exchanges are successfully developing between two countries. In the National Assembly of the Republic of Korea was created a Parliamentary Friendship Association "Korea-Uzbekistan" in 1995. In 2005 in the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis was established a group for cooperation with Korea. In September 2017 Speaker of the National Assembly of the Republic of Korea Chung Sye Kyun visited Uzbekistan.
In February 2018 the visit of the Speaker of Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan N.Ismailov to the Republic of Korea was organized.
Since 1995 it has been held political consultations between the foreign offices of the two countries, last 12th round of which took place in 2015 in Tashkent.
Cooperation in the framework of international organizations is being dynamically developed. Uzbekistan supports candidatures of South Korea almost in all elections to the executive bodies of international organizations, which follows the principle of reciprocity.
In accordance with the Trade Agreement of 1992, the Most Favored Nation Treatment between the two countries is achieved. Seoul is the biggest trade partner of Uzbekistan in Asia-Pacific.
According to the State Statistics Committee of Uzbekistan, in 2017 the trade turnover totlled $1 360,1 bln.: export of Uzbekistan - $119,8 mln., import - $1 240,3 bln.
Total direct investment from South Korea to Uzbekistan exceeded $7 bln.
Since 1994 there has been operating a joint Intergovernmental Committee on Trade and Economic Cooperation. The eighth meeting was held in September 2016 in Seoul.
Since 1992 Korean Education Center has been operating in Tashkent, which organizes language trainings, courses for professional development for university lecturers and students.
Korean language, culture and computer centers are successfully operating in the Uzbek State University of World Languages and Samarkand State Institute of World Languages. Over the past period of time, these centers have been equipped with latest literatures, videos and audio cassettes with the assistance of the Embassy of ROK in Tashkent.
The departments of Korean studies were opened totally in 13 higher educational institutions of Uzbekistan. Korean language is taught in 28 schools, lyceums and colleges.
The Friendship Society “Uzbekistan-Republic of Korea” has been operating since 1999.
Currently, Universities of Uzbekistan are cooperating with more than 30 universities of Korea, which provides widening the relations in such areas as education and science, exchange programs for professors and students and cooperation on organizing the conferences, seminars and corporate researches.
October 1, 2014 in Tashkent a branch of the Korean Inha University was opened, which prepares specialists in computer and software engineering spheras, as well as logistics.
Close relations at the municipal level have been established and there are agreements on cooperation between Tashkent and Seoul, Fergana and Yongin, Namangan and Songnam, Samarkand and Geongju, Tashkent region and Geongsang-pukto province.
The People's Republic of China recognized the independence of the Republic of Uzbekistan on December 27, 1991. The diplomatic relations were established on January 2, 1992.
Friendly and mutually beneficial bilateral cooperation covers the whole complex of relations. The trustworthy relations, which were established between the Heads of the two countries, form the basis of the cooperation. Close or similar approaches on issues related to combating terrorism, extremism and separatism, drug and illegal arms trafficking and other security challenges contribute to the development of mutually beneficial cooperation between Uzbekistan and China.
The Leaders of the two countries regularly exchange high level visits and meetings. First President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov visited China in 1992, 1994, 1999, 2005, 2011, 2012 and 2014. In 2001 and 2006 he visited Shanghai. In 2012 he participated in Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) summits, and in August 2008 visited Beijing to take part in the XXIX Olympic Games opening ceremony.
Presidents of the People's Republic of China Jiang Zemin (1996), Hu Jintao (2004, 2010) and Xi Jinping (2013, 2016) paid state visits to Uzbekistan.
President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev paid state visit to China on May 11-13, 2017. During the visit Shavkat Mirziyoyev held meetings with the President of the PRC Xi Jinping, Premier of the State Council Li Keqiang, Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress Zhang Dejiang and representatives of leading Chinese high-tech companies.
During the years 2004-2017, Uzbekistan and China held 15 rounds of political consultations on the level of the Ministries of Foreign Affairs, discussing the issues of bilateral cooperation and interaction within the SCO.
Uzbekistan attaches high priority to further strengthening the strategic partnership with China, expanding multifaceted trade, economic, investment and financial cooperation between two countries based on the principles of mutual benefit, interests and equality.
According to the Economic and Trade Agreement (1992) a Most Favored Nation Treatment was established between two countries. China is one of the leading trade partners for Uzbekistan.
In 2017 trade turnover totalled $5 billion, including export $2,2 billion, import – $2,8 billion.
Investment partnership carried out within the framework of the Cooperation Program in the non-primary and high-tech fields, signed between the Governments of Uzbekistan and China in 2010.
A number of Chinese companies are actively involved in projects of exploration and development of hydrocarbon fields as well as deep processing of natural gas in the country.
Uzbekistan supports the implementation of projects for the construction of the pipeline "Uzbekistan-China" and railway "China-Kyrgyzstan-Uzbekistan".
Two countries are developing cooperation in the financial sector, in particular with the China Development Bank and Export-Import Bank of China.
The number of joint ventures in Uzbekistan reached 786, including 95 companies with 100% Chinese investments. More than 73 Chinese companies opened their representative offices in Uzbekistan.
Cooperation in the field of education is growing rapidly, expanding exchanges of students and specialists.
Since May 2005, Confucius Institute promotes the learning of Chinese language and culture in Tashkent. Current number of students is 350. More than 2,500 young people were educated since the establishment of the Institute. The Agreement on establishment of Confucius Institute in Samarkand was signed during President Xi Jinping‘s visit to Uzbekistan in September 2013.
In 2014/2015, the PRC government provided educational grants for 120 Uzbek students and trainees on a bilateral agreement and within the SCO. Approximately 50 students from Uzbekistan have been studying at Lanzhou University through Confucius Institute.
Since academic year 2012/2013, Beijing Foreign Studies University offers Uzbek language programs.
Center of Uzbekistan Studies and Academic Exchanges as the first of its kind institution in China was opened on the basis of Public Diplomacy Institute of SCO at Shanghai University on May 15, 2013.
The Program of cultural exchanges for 2014-2017 was adopted in November 2013.
In celebration of the 25th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Uzbekistan, on March 13, 2017, on the territory of the Shanghai University, a monument to Alisher Navoi was opened.
Sister city relations established between Tashkent and Shanghai, Navoi and Zhuzhou (Hunan Province), Samarkand and Xi'an (Shaanxi Province) Bukhara and Luoyang (Hehan Province) as well as between Tashkent region and the province of Hunan, also between Samarkand region and the province of Shaanxi.
UZBEK – JAPANESE RELATIONS
Japan recognized the Independence of Uzbekistan on December 28, 1991. The diplomatic relations were established on January 26, 1992.
The First President of the Republic of Uzbekistan I.A.Karimov visited Japan three times – in 1994, 2002 and 2011.
Prime Ministers of Japan Junichiro Koizumi and Shinzo Abe visited Uzbekistan in August 2006 and in October 2015, respectively.
In May 2010 and 2014 Deputy Prime Ministers, ministers of finance of Japan N.Kan and T.Aso visited Uzbekistan, respectively.
The main legal documents that regulate bilateral relations are the Joint Statement of the Republic of Uzbekistan and Japan (May 17, 1994), the Joint Statement on Friendship, Strategic Partnership and Cooperation between the Republic of Uzbekistan and Japan (July 29, 2002) and the Joint Statement on Deepening and Expanding of the Strategic Partnership between the Republic of Uzbekistan and Japan (October 25, 2015).
During the official visit of the First President of Uzbekistan I.A.Karimov to Japan on February 8-10, 2011 there were signed 22 documents in total.
During the official visit of the Prime Minister of Japan Sh.Abe to the Republic of Uzbekistan on October 24-26, 2015 there were signed the Joint Statement, the Cooperation Program between the Foreign Ministries, as well as 21 documents on the implementation of joint projects in the sphere of trade and economic, investment, technology, financial and technical cooperation in the amount of more than 8.5 billion dollars.
Inter-parliamentary ties have been actively developing through various forums with the participation of the parliamentary leagues of friendship “Japan Parliamentary League of Friendship with Uzbekistan” and “Democratic Party of Japan - Uzbekistan”.
Political consultations between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of the two countries have been held on regular basis since 2002 and the last round was held in March, 2016 in Tokyo.
Uzbekistan and Japan cooperate in solving various international issues and have similar views on many problems of global politics. Uzbekistan supports Japan`s bid for the permanent membership of the UN Security Council.
Cooperation in the framework of the Dialogue «Central Asia plus Japan» initiated by Tokyo in 2004 is an important mechanism to develop bilateral relations. On August 7, 2010 the Third foreign ministers` meeting with the participation of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Japan K.Okada was held in Tashkent. On May 1, 2017 the delegation of Uzbekistan participated in the sixth foreign ministers` meeting of “Central Asia plus Japan” Dialogue in Ashgabat.
Uzbek-Japanese and Japanese-Uzbek economic cooperation committees, which were formed in 1994, play significant role in the development of trade and economic relations. The 12th joint meeting of these committees was held in April 2016 in Tashkent.
In August 2008 there was signed the Intergovernmental Agreement “On liberalization, mutual protection and encouragement of investments”, which entered into force on September 24, 2009.
10 joint ventures, including one - with a 100% Japanese capital were set in Uzbekistan. 13 representatives of Japanese companies have been accredited in Uzbekistan.
In the period January-October 2017 bilateral trade amounted to $138.5 million.
The total volume of financial and technical assistance of Japan to Uzbekistan amounted to more than $4.1 billion. A number of socially significant and infrastructural projects in such areas as healthfare, education, energy, transportation, and telecommunications were implemented due to the financial and technical assistance of Japan to Uzbekistan.
Since 1999 regional offices of the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and the Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO), and also Uzbekistan-Japan Center have been operating in Uzbekistan.
An example of a successful collaboration is a cooperation between the SC “Uzavtosanoat” and Japanese company "Isuzu". On the basis of "Isuzu" about 10 thousand buses and more than 11 thousand trucks have been produced. The production of new models with engines running on compressed natural gas was launched.
The cooperation in cultural and humanitarian spheres is successfully developing. A Japanese archeologist K.Kato made a significant contribution to the discovery of the monuments of the early Buddhism era in the Southern regions of Uzbekistan. Along with him, for the great contribution to the strengthening of partnership, former first Vice-president of the Banking and Financial Academy of Uzbekistan T.Kitamura and the President of the Waseda University T.Okushima were awarded the «Do‘stlik» (“Friendship”) orders.
In 2002 the First President of the Republic of Uzbekistan I.A.Karimov was awarded the «Honorary Doctor» title of Waseda and Soka universities, and in 2004 on the territory of the latter a monument to Alisher Navoi was fixed up.
Since 2000 in the collaboration with the office of the Japan International Cooperation Center (JICE) in Tashkent above 300 people have studied in Japan on the project Human Resource Development Scholarship.
Over 2000 specialists of Uzbekistan have been trained in Japan through JICA. The Uzbekistan-Japan Center, which was attended by more than 700 thousand people, has been contributing to human resource developing process.
In 1999 «Uzbekistan-Japan» friendship society was established. Its main partners are «Japan-Uzbekistan» Friendship Society and «Fukushima-Uzbekistan» Cultural and Economic Exchange Association.
In 2002 the Uzbek-Japanese Scientific and Creative Center «Caravansary of Cultures of Ikuo Hirayama» was founded in Tashkent.
On august 2-5, 2016 the visit to Uzbekistan of the delegation of Japanese culture and arts representatives headed by the spouse of the Prime Minister of Japan Akie Abe was organized. Within the framework of this event concert of the Japanese group “Dram TAO” was held in the State academic Bolshoi theatre named after Alisher Navoi.
Diplomatic relations between Uzbekistan and Australia were established on 26 December, 1991.
The first official contacts began with the visit of Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Australia G.Evans to Uzbekistan in November 1991.
On 2 March 2017, P.Martin Tesch, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Australia to the Republic of Uzbekistan (with residence in Moscow), presented copies of credentials to the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Uzbekistan A.Kamilov.
The political consultations between foreign ministries, which was held in 2009 and 2012 in Canberra and Tashkent serve as an important mechanism to promote relations.
In 2016 countries exchanged congratulatory messages on the occasion of the 25-th Anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations.
According to the State Сommittee of the Republic Uzbekistan on statistics, in 2017 trade turnover between two countries amounted to $1620,2 thousand.
There are six Uzbek-Australian joint ventures, including 1 with 100% Australian capital, function in Uzbekistan.
The Socialist Republic of Vietnam (SRV) recognized the Independence of the Republic of Uzbekistan on December 27, 1991, the diplomatic relations were established on January 17, 1992. The Embassy of SRV in Tashkent was opened in 1993, since 2009 Honorary Consulate of Uzbekistan operates in Hanoi.
In 1996 the First President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov paid an official visit to Vietnam and put an ink to the Treaty on the Fundamentals of Interstate Relations and Cooperation, as well as several intergovernmental treaties.
In December 2010, the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Uzbekistan to Indonesia was appointed as an Ambassador to Vietnam (with the residence in Jakarta).
In October 2011, the Prime Minister of Vietnam Nguyen Tan Dung paid official visit to Uzbekistan.
In order to develop comprehensive cooperation with Vietnam, Deputy Chairman of the National Assembly of Vietnam Wang Tiu Liu (July 2008.), Deputy Prime Minister Hoang Trung Hai (April 2010), Minister of Public Security Le Hong Anya (September 2010), Chairwoman of Hanoi People’s Council Ngo Thi Doan Thanh (2012), Deputy of General Prosecutor Trung Kong Phan (2012), Deputy Minister of Justice Dihn Trung Tung (2013), General Prosecutor Nguyen Hoa Binh (2014) Chairman of Supreme People’s Court Tryng Hoa Binh (2014) visited Uzbekistan.
In August 2013, the delegation of the General Prosecutor's Office of Uzbekistan paid visit to Vietnam.
The political consultations between foreign ministries serve as an important mechanism to promote relations. The last meeting was held in March 2014 in Hanoi.
In February 2017 the Government delegation, headed by the deputy prime minister-minister of agriculture and water resources of the Republic of Uzbekistan Z.Mirzaev, visited SRV.
Organized 6 meetings of Uzbek-Vietnam Intergovernmental Commission, the last of which was held in December 2013 in Hanoi.
According to the State Committee of Statistics of Uzbekistan, bilateral trade between two countries in 2017 totalled $33,8 mln.
There are nineteen Uzbek-Vietnam joint ventures, including 3 with 100% Vietnam capital, function in Uzbekistan.
Within the implementation of arrangements in the sphere of cultural and humanitarian cooperation, since December 1995 “Uzbekistan-Vietnam” and “Vietnam-Uzbekistan” Friendship Societies have been functioning.
In September 2012, “Days of the culture of Vietnam” was organized in Uzbekistan.
In December 2013 in the Tashkent State Institute of oriental studies was opened Vietnam language center.
The Republic of Indonesia recognized the Independence of Uzbekistan on December 28, 1991. The diplomatic relations were established on June 23, 1992.
Indonesia opened its embassy in Tashkent in May 1994. The embassy of Uzbekistan has been operating in Jakarta since December 1996.
In June 1992, the First President of Uzbekistan I.A.Karimov paid a State visit to Jakarta. In April 1995 the reciprocal State visit of the President of Indonesia X.M.Suharto to Uzbekistan took place.
In December 2005, in Tashkent Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Uzbekistan and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Indonesia on establishing the Committee of bilateral consultations was signed. So far six rounds of political consultations were held in Uzbekistan and Indonesia (last was held in March 2014 in Jakarta).
Inter-parliamentary ties have been gradually developing. In particular, in 2007 Speaker of Indonesia People's Representative Council Agung Laksono visited Uzbekistan. In April 2008 the delegation of the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis paid a visit to Indonesia.
In May 2013, the Chairman of the Inter-Parliamentary Cooperation Agency of the House of Representatives of Indonesia S.Hidayat visited to Uzbekistan.
The Deputy chairman of the People's Consultative Assembly of Indonesia Mahyudin, as well as the Chairman of the Regional Representative Council (the upper house of parliament) Irman Gusman paid visit to Uzbekistan on April and May 2015.
In August 2017, the delegation of Uzbekistan led by the Deputy prime minster Z.T.Mirzaev visited Indonesia. During the visit both parties discussed the cooperation in fishing industry, chilli paper cultivation and its preparation for export. The delegation met with the President of the Republic of Indonesia J.Widodo.
The bilateral trade between two countries in 2017 amounted to $35,6 mln.
There are nineteen Uzbek-Vietnam joint ventures with Vietnam capital, function in Uzbekistan.
In September 2002, with a view to developing friendship, cooperation and cultural and enlightening ties between the people of the two countries was established the “Uzbekistan – Indonesia” Friendship Society.
In September 1997, a “Protocol on Establishing Sister City Relationship between Samarkand and Banda-Acheh” was signed.
Since 2001 an Indonesian Language Center has been operating under Samarkand Institute of Economics and Service, where annually more than 20 students got trainings. An Indonesian language and culture class was opened at Samarkand State Institute of Foreign Languages and the Indonesian language is taught as a facultative subject.
In 2013, in the Tashkent State Institute of oriental studies was opened Indonesia language center.
Malaysia recognized the Independence of Uzbekistan on 1 January 1992 and established diplomatic relations on 21 February 1992.
The foundation for development of friendly relations and mutually beneficial cooperation was laid during the exchanges of official visits of the First President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov in 1992 and Prime Minister of Malaysia Mohathir Mohammad in 1993. In 2003 the King of Malaysia His Majesty Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin Syed Putra Jamalullail paid a visit to Uzbekistan.
Main events in the development of bilateral relations at the contemporary stage were the State Visit to Malaysia in October 2005 and reciprocal visit of the Prime Minister Ahmad Badawi in November 2008, where a number of intergovernmental agreements in the prospective areas of mutual cooperation were signed.
In July 2010, the ministry of External affairs of Malaysia paid a visit to Uzbekistan.
The political consultations between the Foreign Ministries serve as an important mechanism to promote relations. The last meeting was held in November 2012 in Tashkent.
According to the State Committee of Statistics of Uzbekistan, bilateral trade between two countries in 2017 amounted to $64,8mln., export – $4,2mln., import – $60.6mln.
Uzbek-Malaysian Joint Trade Committee was founded in 2005. It plays a significant role in developing trade and economic relations. The second meeting was held on 20 October 2009 in Tashkent.
There are 14 enterprises in oil and gas, textile, furniture, electro technical products, financial services and other areas operating in Uzbekistan with Malaysian investors.
Within the Malaysian Technical Cooperation Program (MTCP), representatives of ministries and agencies of Uzbekistan participate in various short-term courses and seminars in Malaysia. As of March 2016, 557 Uzbek specialists trained under MTCP.
In 1998 «Uzbekistan-Malaysia» Friendship Society was established in Tashkent to develop cultural and humanitarian relations between social circles of both countries.
On April 23-27 2015 Minister of tourism an culture of Malaysia Dato Seri Mohammed Nazri bin Abdul Aziz visited Uzbekistan in order to develop bilateral cooperation in the spheres of tourism and culture.
The Republic of Singapore recognized the Independence of Uzbekistan in 1992 and established diplomatic relations on 8 April 1997.
Main event in the development of bilateral relations at the contemporary stage was the State Visit of the First President of Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov to Singapore in January 2007.
Since 2011, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Singapore to the Republic of Uzbekistan is Zulkifli bin Baharudin.
According to the State Committee of Statistics of Uzbekistan, bilateral trade between two countries in 2017 accounted for $66.4mln. (export - $56.1mln., import - $10,3mln.
There are 32 Uzbek-Singapore joint ventures, including 8 with 100% Singaporean capital, function in Uzbekistan.
Since 2007, with the interaction of Singapore Business Federation, annually organizing a joint business forum in Uzbekistan and Singapore with the participation of representatives of business circles of the two countries.
In September 2007, a Decision "on organizing the activity of the Singapore Management Development Institute in Tashkent (MDIS in Tashkent)" was taken. The MDIS in Tashkent is a higher educational institution, which was established by the Management Development Institute of Singapore and Association of Banks of Uzbekistan. The training is conducted in areas of «Banking», «Business Management», «Tourism» and «Modern IT in business».
Within the framework of the Technical Cooperation Program implemented by the Government of Singapore, Uzbek specialists from varies ministries and agencies have studied in the short-run courses in the country.